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In this political cartoon from the satirical magazine Judge, Populist senators William Peffer and "Sockless" Jerry Simpson push a boulder (symbolizing the Farmer's Alliance) under the wheel of a wagon that represents the United States. In the driver's seat are five congressmen, each with their own agenda labeled on their sash. The wagon is being pulled by a donkey signifying "democracy." Judge magazine, created by artists who had allied with the Republican Party, began in 1881 and its sales eventually surpassed those of its rival, Puck.

Creator: Judge Magazine
Date: Between 1890 and 1899

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This political cartoon demonstrates how the Populists were seen as agitators seeking to change the government on behalf of the people. It also visualizes for students the corruption of the government by depicting politicians who were fighting over control of Congress. This cartoon serves as a concise, vivid introduction to Populism, and can therefore work with a variety of other sources.

KS:7th:4.2:Populism (2005)

Item Number: 210806
Call Number: Oversize B P348 v. 2, Peffer Cartoon Scrapbook
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 210806

Agriculture - Farm organizations - Farmer's Alliance
Business and Industry - Occupations/Professions - Politicians
Collections - Library
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1880s to 1920s (Benchmark 4) - Populism (Indicator 2) - Government corruption
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1880s to 1920s (Benchmark 4) - Populism (Indicator 2) - Republican perspective on Populism
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1880s to 1920s (Benchmark 4) - Populism (Indicator 2) - Rise of the third-party system
Date - 1890s
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Congress - Senate - Peffer, William Alfred
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Congress - Senate - Simpson, Jeremiah
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Presidents - Cleveland, Grover
Government and Politics - Political Parties - Democrat
Government and Politics - Political Parties - Populist
Government and Politics - Political Parties - Republican
Government and Politics - Reform and Protest - Farm movements - Farmer's Alliance
Government and Politics - Reform and Protest - Populism
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Cartoon
People - Notable Kansans - Peffer, William Alfred, 1831-1912
People - Notable Kansans - Simpson, Jeremiah, 1842-1905
Thematic Time Period - Age of Reform, 1880 - 1917 - Populism, 1890-1900
Transportation - Non-motorized - Freight wagons
Transportation - Non-motorized - Pack animals
Type of Material - Cartoons - Political

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