This brief letter was written by J. C. Black, a former slave from Paris, Tennessee. According to Black, his white neighbors were saying that black refugees in Kansas were starving and out of work. Black wanted to know if this was true before he moved to Kansas. He asked for a speedy response. In addition to his service as Governor, St. John also served on the Board of Directors of the Kansas Freedmen's Relief Association.
Creator: Black, J. C.
Date: April 28, 1881
This source's brevity makes it ideal for student use. It demonstrates the black perspective on emigration as well as white Southerners' efforts to discourage this emigration.
Item Number: 210539
Call Number: Governor's Records, St. John, Correspondence Received, Box 13 Folder 19
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 210539
Collections - State Archives - Governor's Records - St. John, John P.
Community Life - Clubs and organizations - Charitable - Relief - Freedmen's Relief Association
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1860s to 1870s (Benchmark 3) - Exodusters (Indicator 5) - Black perspectives on emigration
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1860s to 1870s (Benchmark 3) - Exodusters (Indicator 5) - Emigrant aid organizations
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1860s to 1870s (Benchmark 3) - Exodusters (Indicator 5) - Emigrants' daily life in Kansas
Date - 1880s - 1881
Government and Politics - State Government - Governors - St. John, John Pierce
Home and Family - Daily life - Settlement
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Letter
People - African Americans - Discrimination
People - African Americans - Exodusters
People - Notable Kansans - St. John, John Pierce, 1833-1916
Places - Other States - Tennessee
Thematic Time Period - Immigration and Settlement, 1854 - 1890
Type of Material - Unpublished documents - Letters