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This is a transcribed copy of a conversation between Keotuck and his fellow Potawatomi leaders and their Indian agent, Royal Baldwin. The Potawatomi and Kickapoo had been living on the same lands, and since they had just planted their crops, the Potawatomi were expressing their desire to remain settled on this land. Apparently the United States government had not given the Potawatomi their full annuity payment and had asked them to move, but Keotuck's band protested because they had paid 8,009 dollars to remain with the Kickapoo. The back of the document includes a transcription of the compact joining the Kickapoo and Potawatomi, written in 1851.
Creator: Baldwin, Royal
This source sheds light on the Indian perspective to their treatment while in Kansas Territory. It demonstrates the Indians' desire to remain settled, mentioning in particular how the Potawatomi had assimilated white, agricultural ways. It also demonstrates how the government was lax in providing annuities and how, even after being settled, natives were still susceptible to forced removal.
KS:7th:1.4:Indian Removal (2005)
Item Number: 210060
Call Number: Indians History Coll. #590, Box 3, Subgroup VIII, Pottawatomie Folder
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 210060
Collections - Manuscript - History - Indian
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - Prehistory to 1854 (Benchmark 1) - Indian Removal Act (Indicator 4) - Kickapoo
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - Prehistory to 1854 (Benchmark 1) - Indian Removal Act (Indicator 4) - Loss of land and resources
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - Prehistory to 1854 (Benchmark 1) - Indian Removal Act (Indicator 4) - Pottawatomi
Date - 1854-1860 - 1857
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Federal agencies and programs - Agencies - Indian affairs
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Federal agencies and programs - Policies and programs - Land - Indian Removal Act
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Minutes
People - American Indians - Indian lands
People - American Indians - Indian removal
People - American Indians - Tribes - Kickapoo
People - American Indians - Tribes - Potawatomi
Places - Indian reservations - Kickapoo
Places - Indian reservations - Potawatomi
Thematic Time Period - Bleeding Kansas, 1854-1861
Type of Material - Unpublished documents - Transcript