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Richard W. Cummins to William Clark

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Shawanee and Delaware Agency
Genl. William Clark

2d April 1831
Sup't of Indian Aff's
[Superintendent of Indian Affairs]

I have furnished the Delawares with as much provisions only as was actually needful to keep them from suffering, which I had To transport to them, when they came last fall their horses were poor, oweing [owing] to the very extreme Hardness of the winter, the Indians generally as weel [well] as the Delawares lost most all their horses. They have none fit for service, a great many of the Indians, are in a suffering condition Owing chiefly to the unusual hardness of the winter. I believed it to be my duty to have some provisions Waggoned to them, particularly, to the Delawares Chief Anderson & his counsel men says that it was understood last fall on White river that the supplementary article to their treaty was ratified, That immediately the white people moved in among Them and took possession of their farms. Commenced seeding their fields and selling whiskey to his people so that he was compelled to move. I have also furnished that half of the, Weas, that have been in the Mississippi swamps, for some time past with Two waggon loads of Corn and pork. They came and joined their, Nation on their Land this spring, in a starving condition, their Friends were unable to help them many of whom I was informed by the trader divided their corn with their horses as long as they had a year, [*] they are now trying to work but their diet is so weak, they are not able to do much. I think the past winter, will learn the Indians in future to be more provident. They stand much in need of provisions, I would like to receive some instructions from You on the subject of furnishing them.

Respectfully Your Most


Obedt. Servt. [Obedient Servant]

Richd. [Richard] W. Cummins

Indn. [Indian] Agent

*This should or could possibly read ?an ear.? This letter and all others in the packet addressed to William Clark were taken from Clark's letterbooks located in the Manuscripts Department of the Kansas State Historical Society. It was customary for government officials to make copies of all correspondence. Since there were no copy machines available in the 1830s, a person would be employed to copy all letters sent from and received by General Clark's office. Perhaps the secretary made an error in copying ? a year? for ?an ear.?

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