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William Clark, Superintendent of Indian Affairs, wrote this letter to the Secretary of War Lewis Cass, informing him that Indian Agent Felix St. Vrain was en route to the camp of Black Hawk's followers to inform Black Hawk that the Sac and Fox must move to their new lands west of the Mississippi (into present-day Kansas). Black Hawk, a warrior of the Sac and Fox, resisted removal after his tribe ceded their land to the U. S. government in 1804 and 1816. The letter also mentions that the Sac and Fox have turned over to the government the members of their tribe that were accused of murdering some Menominee Indians.
Creator: Clark, William, 1770-1838
Date: April 24, 1832
This short letter is a powerful reminder of how native peoples resisted removal, and it could be used to teach the Black Hawk War. This source could also be grouped with two other letters from the William Clark papers (dated May 20, 1829 and May 1, 1832 respectively), and the portrait of Black Hawk selected for this standard.
KS:7th:1.4:Indian Removal (2005)
Item Number: 209996
Call Number: William Clark Papers Coll. #741, Records of the Superintendent of Indian Affairs Vol. 4
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 209996
Collections - Manuscript - Clark, William
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - Prehistory to 1854 (Benchmark 1) - Indian Removal Act (Indicator 4) - Indian resistance to removal
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - Prehistory to 1854 (Benchmark 1) - Indian Removal Act (Indicator 4) - Sac and Fox
Date - 1800-1854
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Federal agencies and programs - Agencies - Indian affairs
Government and Politics - Federal Government - Federal agencies and programs - Policies and programs - Land - Indian Removal Act
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Letter
People - American Indians - Indian removal
People - American Indians - Tribes - Sac and Fox
People - Notable People - Black Hawk
People - Notable People - Clark, William
Places - Other States - Illinois
Thematic Time Period - Indian Territory, 1820-1854
Type of Material - Unpublished documents - Letters