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William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - Page

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These records relate to the original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus, filed with the Kansas State Supreme Court. W. H. Wilson, representing the Topeka Board of Education, defendant, states that it was not convenient or expedient to make provisions for separate schools for black and white students in the Lowman Hill district until the original school was destroyed by fire. This was the only school within the city limits where black and white children were instructed together. After the fire on July 20, 1900, the Board of Education determined that the schools in the same general location were overcrowded, and in their best judgment, it was unwise and detrimental to both the black and white children to instruct them together during the first six grades. Therefore, the Board of Education decided to provide separate schools. A new two-story brick building was constructed for white students, and an one-story frame building once used for white children but rendered useless, was designated for black students. Wilson stated that the Board of Education has been given express power and authority by the statutes of the state to organize and maintain separate schools for the education of white and black children except at the high school level. This case came about when William Reynolds, an African American, had attempted to enroll his son, Raoul, at the new Lowman Hill school and was denied on account of his race. He filed a writ of mandamus which stated that this discrimination violated the Fourteenth Amendment to the U.S. Constitution as well as the state constitution of Kansas.

Creator: Wilson, W. H.
Date: May 1903

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William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 1William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 2William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 3William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 4William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 5William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 6William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 7William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 8William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 9William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 10William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 11William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 12

William Reynolds, plaintiff v. The Board of Education of the City of Topeka, defendant. Original proceedings in mandamus and return to alternative writ of mandamus - 1

This source could be paired with the plaintiff's writ of mandamus, which outlined William Reynolds reasons for attempting to enroll his child in the Lowman Hill school and provides useful information about school segregation prior to the Brown v. Board case. Students could discuss the particulars of this case in comparison with the Brown case 49 years later, focusing on the arguments for and against school segregation.

KS:11th:3.1:Brown v. Board (2005)

Item Number: 209525
Call Number: Kansas Supreme Court, Case #13140
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 209525

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