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Benjamin "Pap" Singleton was born a slave in 1809, but after 37 years of bondage he escaped to freedom. He made Detroit his home and operated a secret boardinghouse for other escaped slaves. Following emancipation, Singleton returned to his native Tennessee. Because Kansas was famous for John Brown's efforts and its struggle against slavery, Singleton considered the state a new Canaan. Singleton traveled through the South organizing parties to colonize in Kansas. In 1873, nearly 300 Blacks followed him to Cherokee County and founded Singleton's Colony, while others settled in Wyandotte, Topeka's Tennessee Town, and in Dunlap Colony in Morris County. Singleton advocated the organized colonization of African Americans in communities like Nicodemus, first settled in 1877. Between 1879 and 1881, however, the organized movement gave way to an "Exodus" in which tens of thousands of oppressed and impoverished Southern Blacks fled to Kansas and other Northern states.
Date: Between 1870 and 1889
Item Number: 209198
Call Number: B Singleton, Benjamin *1
KSHS Identifier: DaRT ID: 209198
Collections - Photograph
Date - 1870s
Date - 1880s
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Photograph - Carte-de-visite
People - African Americans - Exodusters
People - Notable Kansans - Singleton, Benjamin, 1809-1900
Thematic Time Period - Immigration and Settlement, 1854 - 1890
Type of Material - Photographs - Format - Carte de visite