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This photograph shows the interior of the L. A. Mead family dugout near Bloom, Ford County, clearly illustrating the cramped living conditions that the family endured during their stay in this residence.
Date: Between 1870 and 1890
This source would work well when paired with the image of the dugout's exterior (also selected for this standard). It would be interesting for students to discuss the hardships presented in this photograph (such as the small, cramped quarters, etc.) as well as the luxuries to determine if the Mead family represented "typical" Kansas settlers on the frontier. This photograph could also be grouped with Emma Smith's reminiscence of life in a dugout.
KS:7th:3.7:Challenges of Settlement (2005)
Item Number: 205534
Call Number: FK2.F2 .75 .M *2
Holding Institution: Clark County Historical Society
Built Environment - Function - Domestic - Single Dwelling
Built Environment - Materials - Earth - Sod
Collections - Photograph
Curriculum - 7th Grade Standards - Kansas History Standards - 1860s to 1870s (Benchmark 3) - Challenges of settlement (Indicator 7) - Lack of natural resources
Curriculum - The Kansas Journey - Chapter 6: Welcome to Kansas: "Her Light Shall Shine"
Date - 1870s
Date - 1880s
Date - 1890s - 1890
Home and Family - Daily life - Household equipment
Home and Family - Daily life - Settlement
Home and Family - Residences - Dugouts
Home and Family - Residences - Furniture
Home and Family - Residences - Interiors
Objects and Artifacts - Communication Artifacts - Documentary Artifact - Photograph
Places - Counties - Ford
Thematic Time Period - Immigration and Settlement, 1854 - 1890
Type of Material - Photographs