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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) German, who was taken captive with her sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only the four youngest, Sophia, Catherine, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on February 26, 1875, the Cheyennes released Catherine and Sophia. The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas.

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George Miner Pottenger, World War I soldier George Miner Pottenger, World War I soldier

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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.

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The browse feature of Kansas Memory is based on the categories listed in the boxes below. You may view all items linked to a given category by clicking the name of the category. Several categories have a number of sub categories. For example, you can keep "drilling down" until you find a relevant term such as Community Life - Events and Celebrations - Fairs.
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