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This is a portrait of Catherine (Kate) German, who was taken captive with her sisters, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, was attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only the four youngest, Sophia, Catherine, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Sophia and Catherine were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings and began the search to find the girls and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on February 26, 1875, the Cheyennes released Catherine and Sophia. The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas.


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Kansas Memory Blog

Kansas Equal Suffrage Association

Posted by Jocelyn Wehr (Digital Archivist) on Oct 18, 2011

Take this off-year Election Day to revisit the history of the women's suffrage movement in Kansas. Suffrage in Kansas had many important supporters, including Stella Stubbs, the wife of Kansas Governor W. R. Stubbs (1909-1913) and Lucy Browne Johnston, the wife of the Chief Justice of the Kansas Supreme Court William Agnew Johnston (1903-1935). As these newspaper clippings illustrate, the activities in Kansas attracted the attention of national figures in the women's suffrage movement, like Susan B. Anthony.


 The official newspaper of the Kansas Equal Suffrage Association, founded in 1884, is available on Kansas Memory. To explore women's suffrage on the national level, visit Chronicling America for newspapers from across the country covering the climactic years of the women's suffrage movement. Women in Kansas were granted the right to vote in 1912, making Kansas the eighth state to do so, following Utah, Arizona and California, among others.

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