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This is a portrait of Sophia Louisa German, who was taken captive with her sisters, Catherine, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Sophia was born on August 1, 1862. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, were attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Catherine and Sophia were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings, and began the search to find the girls, and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Sophia and Catherine German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters, Julia and Adelaide, at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.


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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.



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Your Kansas Memories

Posted by Megan Macken (Digital Archivist) on Aug 22, 2016

We are often asked at the Kansas Historical Society how people can contribute to KansasMemory.org or to the Kansas History Museum. There are many ways to get directly involved in Kansas history.  Unidentified member of the 5th Kansas Volunteer Cavalry

Donate Kansas artifacts to the Kansas Museum of History or State Archives. Curators evaluate artifacts for possible inclusion in the Society's collections but cannot provide estimates.

Loan your items for digitization and preservation in Kansas Memory. Items will be evaluated for possible inclusion in Kansas Memory, and if selected, arrangements will be made to borrow, photograph, and return them.

Help your organization apply for a grant or become a contributing institution on Kansas Memory. Have ideas about connecting your community to Kansas history? Let us know.

Volunteer your time or expertise. Volunteers guide museum visitors, catalogue historic photos, write Kansapedia articles, transcribe handwritten manuscripts. Myriad projects are available depending on volunteer interest.

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Sound interesting? Get in touch by email at kansasmemory@kshs.org, connect with us on social media, or reach us by telephone at (785) 272-8681. 

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