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This is a portrait of Sophia Louisa German, who was taken captive with her sisters, Catherine, Julia, and Adelaide, by Cheyenne Indians after their family was killed. Sophia was born on August 1, 1862. On September 11, 1874, the John German family, consisting of his wife and seven children, were attacked by a band of Cheyenne east of Ft. Wallace, Kansas. Only four of the children, Catherine, Sophia, Julia, and Adelaide, were spared and taken captive. The two youngest, Julia and Adelaide (aged 7 and 5), were subsequently abandoned on the prairie in what is now the Texas panhandle. Catherine and Sophia were kept by their Cheyenne captors. Fort Wallace received word of the killings, and began the search to find the girls, and to negotiate their release. They found Julia and Adelaide, who had survived on their own for 6 weeks, and on March 1, 1875, the Cheyennes formally released Sophia and Catherine German at the Darlington Agency in Indian Territory (Oklahoma). The two girls were reunited with their younger sisters, Julia and Adelaide, at Ft. Leavenworth, Kansas in June of 1875.


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Kansas Memory has been created by the Kansas State Historical Society to share its historical collections via the Internet. Read more.



Kansas Memory Blog

The 500,000th Image

Posted by Megan Macken (Digital Archivist) on Jun 3, 2016

360-degree view Upper Republican Phase Reconstructed Vessel

Kansas Memory now boasts 500,000 images! Drawn from the diverse collections of the Kansas Historical Society, the photographs, records, memorabilia, and artifacts on Kansas Memory represent the history of all 105 Kansas counties.

The 500,000th image is not just one photo--it's actually 36 photos combined to create one rotating, 360° image of a 1000-year old vessel in the collections of the Kansas Historical Society. 

This vessel was discovered at an archeological excavation in Mitchell County, Kansas in 1980. On this Kansas Archeology Training Program (KATP) Field School excavation, forty-seven volunteers uncovered the remains of an earth lodge. An Upper Republican group (in the Central Plains tradition) occupied the lodge and created this vessel during the Middle Ceramic period (ca. A.D. 1000-1500). 

Kansas Memory is made possible not only by the many volunteers who have unearthed and cataloged cultural artifacts over the years, but also by Kansans who have generously donated or loaned their personal historic treasures to the Kansas Historical Society (KSHS). Donations and loans are accepted by appointment or at special collection events. 

On June 9, 2016, in conjunction with the 2016 KATP field school and the Morris County Historical Society, KSHS will preserve the history of Morris County residents at a "Scan and Share" event. Historic photographs and documents brought to the Courthouse Meeting Room in Council Grove, Kansas will be digitally captured for Kansas Memory and then returned.

Visit KansasMemory.org to view the other 499,999 artifacts (out of millions) housed at the Kansas Historical Society. To learn how to become personally involved in preserving Kansas history, contact the Kansas Historical Society or stop by the Kansas History Museum, the State Archives, or one of 16 State Historic Sites across Kansas.

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